Corrado Finardi, Lecturer in Food Sciences, University of
Christophe Derrien, Coordinator, International Platform of Insects for Food and Feed (IPIFF) 
After years of debate and applying checks and balances, the final Novel Food (NF) draft agreed upon by the three EU institutions (Parliament and Council in primis) seems to be here to stay. However, upon closer examination the draft appears to have bypassed or at least failed to resolve two key and often related issues, which go beyond simply the question of definitions: the inclusion of feed and of insects as food-feed under the Novel Food regulation.
By the time the Regulation was finally published in December 2015 [Reg. (UE) 2015/2283] various degrees of compromise were reached over different issues. These included, for example, animal cloning (which will require a separate regulation); the definition of nanotechnology, and the need for prior risk assessment (RA), accepting in the latter case that consumption patterns in other parts of the world (“history of safe use”) sometimes warrant a simplified risk evaluation.
 The authors wish to thank Luis González Vaqué (Fundación “Triptolemos”) for his comments on the first version of this article. We also found his study “¿Qué hay de “nuevo” en el Reglamento (UE) 2015/2283 relativo a los nuevos alimentos?” very useful (shortly to be published in the Revista de Derecho agrario y alimentario).
 REGULATION (EU) 2015/2283 OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL of 25 November 2015 on novel foods, amending Regulation (EU) No 1169/2011 of the European Parliament and of the Council and repealing Regulation (EC) No 258/97 of the European Parliament and of the Council and Commission Regulation (EC) No 1852/2001.